The unsightly appearance of dilated, tortuous veins on the calf or the thigh is known to most of us. They are probably the commonest reason for people to be admitted to the hospitals. In western countries, almost 25 percent already have or likely to develop varicose veins to some degree. Comparatively, in our countries varicose veins are less common. But when present, is a source of anxiety and embarrassment to the victim.
Varicose veins are more or less harmless in the beginning. But if unattended to, they may over the years give rise to ugly back pigmentation, varicose ulcers or even thrombosis. However, with due care they can be totally controlled and their complications prevented.
A varicose vein is in fact a vein which has lost its elasticity; it has become weak and flabby and accommodates a lot of blood, thereby expanding. The first sign that one of your veins has become varicose is that when you stand up it becomes visibly swollen with blood.
There are numerous veins in our body, some deep within the tissues and some superficial near the surface of the skin. Like any other organ they too can go wrong. It seems that veins in our legs are more vulnerable than that anywhere else in our body.
To understand the underlying causes for varicose veins, we should take a look at the way blood circulates in our body and the role veins play in the process.
The muscular pump of the heart is the motive force that drives the blood into all the main arteries. This driving force is termed ‘Blood Pressure’.
Varicose veins commonly occur
1. Following clotting inside a deep van of the calf or the thigh, after a major operation, a serious accident or childbirth.
2 If your occupation is such as compels you to stand for long hours.
3 In women during pregnancy.
4) In very warm climate or in people working near furnaces.
5) In females as compared to males.
There are several valves in the vein which allow only one-way traffic of blood i.e., towards the heart. If any of the valves of a vein fails to function, the blood instead of being squeezed towards the heart flows back into the vein. The influx of extra blood in the vein makes the vein expand and varicose. It should be remembered that this disease ig incurable. However, this disease can be controlled or prevented from advancing or spreading by (a) doing exercises in which legs are kept elevated and feet are moved about, (b) walking for a long distance everyday.(c) reducing the weight of the body if above the normal, (d) applying acupressure and or magnetic treatment and (e) using elastic stockings. In short the simple treatment for this disease is to be continued throughout the life.